- Ph.D., 1982, University of Michigan; Social Work & Psychology
- M.A., 1979, University of Michigan; Psychology
- M.S.W., 1978, University of Georgia: Social Work
- B.Sc., 1976, University of Maryland; Psychology
Goldman, G. D. & Ryan, S. D. (2011). Direct and modifying influences of selected risk factors on children’s pre-adoption functioning and post-adoption adjustment. Children and Youth Services Review, 33, 291-300.